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The Great Wall Tour Circuit without regret in one's life

The Great Wall, also known as the Great Wall, is a military defense project in ancient China. It is a tall, solid and continuous terrace to limit the actions of enemy horsemen. The Great Wall is not a simple isolated wall, but a complete defensive engineering system composed of many defensive fortifications, such as city walls, enemy buildings, Guancheng, piers, barracks, guardhouses, beacon towers and so on.


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The Great Wall is an ancient defense project that has been built for the longest time and the largest amount in the world. Since the Western Zhou Dynasty, it has been continuously constructed for more than 2000 years and is distributed in the vast land of northern and central China.

Since the First Emperor of Qin Dynasty, almost all the dynasties that ruled the Central Plains had to build the Great Wall. More than ten dynasties, including Han, Jin, Northern Wei, Eastern Wei, Western Wei, Northern Qi, Northern Zhou, Sui, Tang, Song, Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, have built the Great Wall on different scales.


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From the point of view of the ruling nationalities who built the Great Wall, in addition to the Han nationality, many dynasties ruled by ethnic minorities in China also built the Great Wall, and more than those ruled by the Han nationality. During the Kangxi period of the Qing Dynasty, although large-scale construction of the Great Wall was stopped, it was also built in some places later. The Ming Dynasty was the last dynasty to build the Great Wall. Most of the Great Wall seen today was built at that time.

On March 4, 1961, the Great Wall was announced by the State Council as the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units. In December 1987, the Great Wall was listed as a World Heritage Site.


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Great Wall resources are mainly distributed in Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong, Henan, Qinghai, Ningxia, Xinjiang and other 15 provinces and municipalities. Among them, Shaanxi Province is the province with the richest resources of the Great Wall in China, with the length of the Great Wall reaching 1838 kilometers.

On April 18, 2009, the State Administration of Cultural Relics and the State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping jointly announced that the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty started from Hushan in Liaoning Province to Jiayuguan in Gansu Province in the East and traveled from east to west through 156 counties in 10 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government) of Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu and Qinghai, with a total length of 8. 851.8 km. After the trench 359.7 kilometers, natural danger 2232.5 kilometers.


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On June 5, 2012, the State Administration of Cultural Relics announced that, after nearly five years of investigation, the total length of the Great Wall in China was 21196.18 kilometers, including the wall, trenches, monolithic buildings, gates and related facilities of the Great Wall. This is the first scientific and systematic measurement of the total length of the Great Wall in China.

Tourist Route Maps of 22 Representative Passes and Sections of the Great Wall (from East to West)


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Hushan Great Wall, Jiumen Great Wall, Shanhaiguan, Jiaoshan Great Wall, Huangyaguan Great Wall, Qingshankuan, Gubeikou Great Wall, Jinshanling Great Wall, Simatai Great Wall, Arrow Button Great Wall, Mutianyu Great Wall, Juyongguan Great Wall, Badaling Great Wall, Zijingguan, Dajingmen Great Wall, Niangziguan, Yanmenguan Zhenbeitai and Jiayuguan.

1. Hushan Great Wall

The Hushan Great Wall is located in the Hushan Scenic Area on the Yalu River 15 kilometers east of Dandong City, Liaoning Province. The main peak of the Hushan Mountain is 146.3 meters high. The peak is the first beacon tower of the Great Wall. Standing on the beacon tower and looking around, the Yalu River Bridge connecting Dandong and Xinyizhou is clearly visible in Yizhou of Korea, Shazhou of Ma Shi of China and Yalu River Bridge of Dandong.

2.The Great Wall at Jiumenkou

Jiumen Great Wall is located in Xintaizi Village, Lixiang Township, Suizhong County, Liaoning Province. It is 15 kilometers from Shanhaiguan and 1704 meters in length. The southern end of the city rises between dangerous peaks and cliffs, and connects with the Great Wall from the direction of Shanhaiguan Customs. Since then, the Great Wall has stretched northward along the ridge to the South Bank of the local Jiujiang River. On the Jiujiang River, which is 100 meters wide, a huge bridge across the river has been built, which runs northward between the mountains. "The city walks on the water, and the water flows in the city." It is people's image description of the Great Wall at JiuMen.

3. Shanhaiguan

Shanhaiguan, known as "the first pass in the world", is located 15 kilometers northeast of Qinhuangdao City, Hebei Province, wher the Great Wall enters the sea. The Great Wall of Shanhaiguan is 26 kilometers long, mainly including the old dragon head Great Wall, the south wing Great Wall, the Guancheng Great Wall, the north wing Great Wall, the Jiaoshan Great Wall, the Sandaoguan Great Wall and the Jiumen Great Wall.

The Old Dragon Head Great Wall is the end part of the Great Wall entering the sea. Shanhaiguan was the product of the establishment of the "guardhouse system" in the Ming Dynasty. The "farmland system" and the reform policy of the Ming Dynasty played an important role in the consolidation and development of Shanhaiguan.

4. The Great Wall of Jiaoshan

The Great Wall of Jiaoshan is about 3 kilometers north of Shanhaiguan in Qinhuangdao City, Hebei Province. It is the last vein of Yanshan Mountain. It is the highest peak of the barrier of mountains in the north of Guancheng City, with an elevation of 519 meters. Its peak is Dapingding, which can seat hundreds of people in Pingguang. It has huge rocks. It looks like a dragon wearing a horn. Jiaoshan is the first mountain that the Great Wall crosses northward from the old dragon head, so it is also called "the first mountain of the Great Wall".

The Great Wall of Jiaoshan was built in the early years of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty. It extends 1536 meters from Hanmen Gate at the foot of the mountain to Dapingding. Most of the city walls are made of local materials, rubble masonry, partial brick and long stone masonry, and the height and width of the Great Wall of Jiaoshan have obvious characteristics of being in position with the mountains.

5. Huangyaguan Great Wall

Huangyaguan Great Wall is located in the mountains 30 kilometers north of Jizhou District, Tianjin City. It was built in Tianbao, Northern Qi Dynasty, for seven years (556). Qi Jiguang, a famous general of the Ming Dynasty, had redesigned and repaired bricks when he was the general soldier of Jizhen.

The building features of the Great Wall at Huangyaguan are as follows: the abutment walls are brick and stone, the enemy buildings are square and round, and the masonry bricks are hollow and solid. Guancheng Fortress and enemy-Taiwan Shuiguan are skillfully laid out in connection with mountains and rivers. Huangyaguan Great Wall has China's first Great Wall Museum and a contemporary Great Wall stele forest.

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6. Castle Peak Pass

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Qingshankuan is located in the north of Qianxi County, Hebei Province. It is named for the Qingshankuan on both sides of the pass. It was built in Hongwu period of Ming Dynasty. The road guarded by Qingshankuan is beyond the Saibei grassland, and the inland reaches Santunying, Zhenfu, Jizhou. Its geographical position is very important.

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Qi Jiguang, the national hero, and Duoyan, Mongolia, fought two battles here. On the basis of the original battles, they personally supervised the construction of the Great Wall of Qingshan Pass, forming the existing pattern. Qingshan Shuiguan Gate is known as the first gate of the Great Wall, and it is the only well-preserved pull-up gate along the Great Wall.

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7. Gubeikou Great Wall

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The Gubeikou Great Wall is located in Luanping County, Chengde City, Hebei Province. It is the most complete Great Wall system in the history of China's Great Wall. It consists of the Great Wall of the Northern Qi Dynasty and the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty, including Wohu Mountain, Panlong Mountain, Jinshan Mountain and Simatai.

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Gubeikou is the Great Wall fortress between Shanhaiguan and Juyongguan. It is the throat of Liaodong Plain and Inner Mongolia to the Central Plains. It has always been a place for military strategists to contend for. Especially in Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, the battle for Gubeikou has never stopped, and the role of the Great Wall has become particularly important.

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8. The Great Wall of Jinshan Mountains

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The Great Wall of Jinshan Mountains is located in the Yanshan Mountains at the junction of Miyun District of Beijing and Luanping County of Chengde City, Hebei Province. Longyukou in the west, Wangjing Tower in the east, 10.5 kilometers across the line. Along the route, there are 67 enemy buildings with different buildings, 2 beacon towers and 5 large and small passes.

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On the Great Wall of Jinshan Mountains, the enemy buildings are dense, usually 50-100 meters. The walls are based on boulders and 5-8 meters high. They are also equipped with horse-blocking walls, stacking walls and barriers. They are of various forms and have their own characteristics.

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9. Simatai Great Wall

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Simatai Great Wall is located in Gubeikou Town, northeast of Miyun District, Beijing. It is 120 kilometers away from the urban area of Beijing. It looks east at Beijing Tower and west to Houchuankou. It is 5.4 kilometers long. There are 35 enemy towers. The whole Great Wall is exquisitely conceived and designed.

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Professor Luo Zhewen, an expert on the Great Wall, once commented, "The Great Wall of China is the most in the world, and the Great Wall of Simatai is the most in China." Simatai Great Wall is the only ancient architectural site in China that retains the original appearance of the Ming Dynasty.

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10. Arrow Button Great Wall

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The Great Wall is located in Badaohe Township, northwest of Huairou District, Beijing. It is about 30 kilometers away from Huairou City. The mountains are very changeable. The whole section of the Great Wall is named for its winding W-shaped shape, full of bows and arrows. The Arrow Button Great Wall is one of the most precipitous and magnificent sections of the Great Wall in Beijing. It is seriously weathered without any artificial decoration. It stretches more than 20 kilometers from Niuqiangjiao, South Building, Guimen Pass, Arrow Button Beam, East-West Neck Tower, East-West Oil Basket Top, General Guard, Sky Ladder, Eagle Flying Over, Nine-Eye Tower and Beijing Knot to Wangjing Tower.

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11. Mutianyu Great Wall

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Mutianyu Great Wall is located in Huairou District, Beijing, and is one of the 16 new scenic spots in Beijing. The Great Wall of Yongguan in the West and Gubeikou in the east. In 1992, it was ranked as the highest tourist destination in Beijing. In 2002, it was rated as Grade 4A Scenic Spot. Mutianyu is the military stronghold of Gongwei Beijing since ancient times because of its important geographical position. It is called "Xiongguan of Dangling Mountain".

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12. Juyongguan

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Juyongguan Great Wall is located in the Guangou Gorge 48 kilometers northwest of Beijing. It is one of the oldest and most famous passes on the Great Wall. Guancheng is located in the valley, which belongs to the Taihang Remaining Vein Army Dushan Mountain, and is famous for its danger. There are many poems of praise left by literati and ink-writers of all dynasties. Qianlong also mentioned the four words of "Juyong Duicui" in his imperial brushwork, which became the first of the famous "Eight Sceneries of Yanshan".

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13. Badaling Great Wall

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Badaling Great Wall, located in Yanqing District of Beijing, is the most representative section of the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty. Juyongguan outpost, with an elevation of 1015 meters, is an important military pass in the Ming Dynasty and an important barrier for Beijing.

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In 1961, the State Council of China declared Badaling Guancheng and the city wall as key cultural relics protection units in the country. In 1987, the United Nations accepted the Great Wall as a World Cultural Heritage Site. In August 1991, the Badaling Great Wall accepted the certificate of human cultural heritage issued by UNESCO at the Palace Museum in Beijing.

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14. Bauhinia Pass

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Bauhinia Pass is one of the gateways of the Great Wall. It is located on the Bauhinia Ridge 40 kilometers west of Yixian City, Hebei Province, China. It is one of the main roads for Hebei plain to enter the Taihang Mountains. There is a danger of "one man is in charge, one man is out of control".

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In the Eastern Han Dynasty, it was named Wuruan Pass, also known as Pu Yinlong. It was listed as the seventh Longjiang of the eight longs in Taihang and the fourth fortress of the nine fortresses in the world. Bauhinia Pass is composed of five small cities: Xiaojin City on the North Bank of Juma River, Guancheng on the South bank, Xiaopanshicheng, Qifengkou City and Guanzuoling City.

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15. Break the barrier

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Because of the steep mountain road, the warhorse often falls here and gets its name. Tiumaguan is located 60 kilometers northwest of Tang County, Baoding County, Hebei Province.

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At the beginning of the Warring States Period, it was called "Hong Zhi Sai". In the Han Dynasty, it was called "Changshan Pass". In the Northern Wei Dynasty, it was also called "Tieguan Pass". After the Ming Dynasty, it was generally called "Hong Shan Pass". The existing reversed Ma Guan City was first built in the three years of Jingtai in Ming Dynasty (1452 A.D.) and then carried out a large-scale maintenance in the first year of Chenghua (1465 A.D.). The whole Guancheng is built according to the terrain. Tanghe River flows around Guancheng from west, north and east. Its plane is rectangular in East and west. It is divided into upper and lower cities.

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16. Flat Pass

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Pinglingxia, which borders the northeast of Fanshi County and Lingqiu County, Shanxi Province, was called bottle-shaped village in ancient times and named after the surrounding terrain as a bottle. Jinshi is a bottle-shaped town. Ming and Qing Dynasties are called Pingxing Lingguan, and later renamed as Pingxing Lingguan. History has long been a garrison. Ming Dynasty was an important gateway to the Great Wall. In the sixth year of Zhengde (AD 1511), Lingkou Castle was built. In the twenty-fourth year of Jiajing and nine years of Wanli, it was renovated.

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Pingxing Guancheng is located at the entrance of Pingxing Ridge. Its circumference is more than 1 kilometer and its residual height is 6 meters. Closing the door sits West to east. The door is built by coupon and truss. It is 4 meters high and 2.7 meters wide. The wall is 2.7 meters thick. Now the building has been destroyed. Inside the city, the inscription "flat ridge" is inscribed on the plaque, and the remains of the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty on both sides of the ridge remain.

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17. Great Wall of Dajimen

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Dajimen Great Wall is located in Zhangjiakou City, Hebei Province. It is the only Great Wall Pass named after the gate. It was built in the Ming Chenghua Period. It is located in the East and West Taiping Mountains. According to the main pass of the Great Wall, it is the key to the border pass. The wall of Dajimen Gate is 12 meters high, 13 meters long and 9 meters wide. On the west side are the Xijie Gate (Xiaojie Gate) which was excavated during the Ming Wanli Period. The scenic spots include West Taiping Mountain Great Wall Park, Laiyuan Fortress, Xiaojiemen, Guandi Temple, Erlang Temple, Mountain Temple and many other historical relics of the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

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18. Great Wall of Datong

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Datong Great Wall is located in Datong City, Shanxi Province. It was built in Jiajing Period and was built by Weng Wanda, Governor of Xuan Da. Datong is one of the Nine Border Towns in Ming Dynasty, and its strategic position is very important. The Great Wall of Datong starts at Zhenkoutai, Tianzhen County, in the east, and reaches Yajiaoshan (now Qingshuihezi, Inner Mongolia) in the west, with a total length of 335 kilometers. According to the statistics of "Sanyun Chili Kao Datong Town Tushuo", Datong Town has built 516.3 Li on both sides; 72 castles (20 castles, 52 castles); 776 border cities; 833 fire road piers.

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19. Niangziguan

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Niangziguan, a famous pass of the Great Wall of China, is located at the foot of Mianshan Mountain in the northeast of Pingding County, Yangquan City, Shanxi Province. Niangziguan was originally named "Weize Guan", because Princess Pingyang of Tang Dynasty had led troops stationed here, and Princess Pingyang's troops were known as "Niangziguan" at that time, so it got its name.

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The existing Guancheng of Niangziguan was built in the Ming Dynasty. Niangziguan, known as the Ninth Guan of the Great Wall, is a must for military strategists of all dynasties. The ancient castle is situated alongside the mountains and rivers, and two gates are built. The East Gate is a general brick coupon city gate with the title "Zhili Niangziguan" and a platform castle on it. It seems to be used for inspecting soldiers and looking at enemies.

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20. Yanmen Pass

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Yanmen Pass, also known as Xilongguan Pass, is famous for its danger. It has the saying of "Nine Seizures in the World, Yanmen First". Located in Yanmen Mountain about 20 kilometers north of Daixian County, Xinzhou City, Shanxi Province, it is an important pass on the Great Wall.

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Legend has it that every spring, the South geese fly north, with the reed leaves in their mouths, and fly to the Yanmen to circle for half a time until the leaves fall. Therefore, there is the saying "Yanmen Mountain, geese fly out of the meantime".

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21. Zhenbeitai

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Zhenbeitai is located in Yulin City, Shaanxi Province, a famous historical and cultural city, about 3 kilometers away from the urban area. It was built in the thirty-fifth year of Wanli in the Ming Dynasty (1607). It is the most magnificent and magnificent building of the Great Wall. It is also the most magnificent military fortress and observation post on the Great Wall. Zhenbeitai has one of the "three wonders" of the Great Wall of China (in the east). Shanhaiguan, Zhongzhenbeitai, Jiayuguan in the west) and "the first platform in the world". According to the danger, it is square, 4 stories, 30 meters high and covers an area of 5056 square meters.

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22. Jiayuguan Great Wall

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Jiayuguan Great Wall is located in the southwest corner of Jiayuguan City, Gansu Province. It is named for its construction at the foot of Jiayu Mountain. It is the starting point of the west end of the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty. It was built in Hongwu five years (1372) in Ming Dynasty. It is the most complete city pass along the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty. The first pass in Hexi is also an important stop on the Silk Road.

As the most magnificent and well-preserved military Castle along the Great Wall in Ming Dynasty, it is an important military fortress along the Great Wall in Ming Dynasty and future generations.

Jiayuguan Great Wall Chengguan is a complete defense system consisting of inner city, outer city and trench. It is tampered with loess and outsourced with city bricks. It is strong and magnificent. The level of Guancheng is trapezoidal with an area of more than 335,000 square meters. The total length of the city wall is 733 meters and its height is 11.7 meters.




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From Shanhaiguan in the east to Jiayuguan in the west, the scenery of the Great Wall is endless: from the city building to the city wall, dangerous peaks to the flat land, you can visit the major sites of the Great Wall once, and appreciate the original ancient scenery of the Great Wall.


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MipTour has the most beautiful Great Wall and the most authentic Great Wall tour route.